Western Hummingbird Partnership


In PIF’s Tri-national Vision, the most steeply declining species in temperate forests are birds dependent on disturbed and early successional habitat. Managing a mosaic of age classes of forests, as well as maintaining natural disturbance regimes such as fire, will be necessary to reverse declines of many forest birds (Berlanga et al. 2010). Since hummingbirds depend upon a variety of age classes of forests for nesting and foraging, addressing their conservation needs could provide land managers with a way to develop the needed mosaics of forest age classes and do this with the valuable support of a diversity of conservation professionals and volunteers. Thus, the WHP can also contribute to an agency’s, a land manager’s, and/or a landowner’s ability to meet their greater goals/priorities for conservation of ecosystems in general.

Specific information that should be developed for land managers includes:

  • Information on the life history characteristics and habitat needs of breeding, migrating, and wintering hummingbirds.
  • Maps of the breeding, migration, and wintering ranges of hummingbirds.
  • Information on how various land management activities and other stressors affect hummingbirds and their habitats.
  • Identification of primary threats to hummingbirds and their habitats.
  • Identification of important habitat components for which to manage.
  • List of recommended plants for restoration, commercial and/or personal use.
  • Prioritization of habitat improvement needs.
  • Identification of habitat improvement techniques.

The WHP will also develop effective ways to distribute this information to land managers throughout western North America.


Berlanga, H., J. A. Kennedy, T. D. Rich, M. C. Arizmendi, C. J. Beardmore, P. J. Blancher, G. S. Butcher, A. R. Couturier, A. A. Dayer, D. W. Demarest, W. E. Easton, M. Gustafson, E. Iñigo-Elias, E. A. Krebs, A.O. Panjabi, V. Rodriguez Contreras, K. V. Rosenberg, J. M. Ruth, E. Santana Castellón, R. Ma. Vidal, T. C. Will. 2010. Saving Our Shared Birds: Partners in Flight Tri-National Vision for Landbird Conservation. Cornell Lab of Ornithology: Ithaca, NY