Western Hummingbird Partnership

SPECIES

Hummingbirds live only in the western hemisphere, where they are the second most diverse family of birds (approximately 340 species). Their diversity is well represented among North American bird families with 57 species, of which 40% are endemic to North America, 14% are substantially shared among the nations, 30% are migratory, and 14% are of high conservation concern (Berlanga et al., 2010).

There are indications that at least some hummingbird populations are declining. Partners in Flight (PIF) had identified three of the 13 neotropical migrants the breed in the USA and Canada and over-winter in Mexico as Watch List Species: Costa's, Calliope, and Rufous, and a fourth: Lucifer, as a Stewardship Species (Rich et al 2004). The USFWS 2008 Birds of Conservation Concern also listed Costa's, Calliope, Lucifer, and Rufous as well as Allen's, Blue-throated, and Buff-bellied; seven species in total nationally.

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Scientific NameOrderFamilyEnglish Common NameTaxon Sequence
Glaucis hirsutusTrochilidaeApodiformesRufous-breasted Hermit821
Phaeochroa cuvieriiTrochilidaeApodiformesScaly-breasted Hummingbird830
Campylopterus curvipennisTrochilidaeApodiformesWedge-tailed Sabrewing831
Campylopterus excellensTrochilidaeApodiformesLong-tailed Sabrewing832
Campylopterus rufusTrochilidaeApodiformesRufous Sabrewing833
Campylopterus hemileucurusTrochilidaeApodiformesViolet Sabrewing834
Florisuga mellivoraTrochilidaeApodiformesWhite-necked Jacobin835
Colibri thalassinusTrochilidaeApodiformesGreen Violet-ear837.3
Anthracothorax prevostiiTrochilidaeApodiformesGreen-breasted Mango838
Abeillia abeilleiTrochilidaeApodiformesEmerald-chinned Hummingbird849
Lophornis brachylophusTrochilidaeApodiformesShort-crested Coquette850
Lophornis helenaeTrochilidaeApodiformesBlack-crested Coquette852
Chlorostilbon auricepsTrochilidaeApodiformesGolden-crowned Emerald855
Chlorostilbon forficatusTrochilidaeApodiformesCozumel Emerald856
Chlorostilbon canivetiiTrochilidaeApodiformesCanivet's Emerald857
Cynanthus sordidusTrochilidaeApodiformesDusky Hummingbird863
Cynanthus latirostrisTrochilidaeApodiformesBroad-billed Hummingbird864
Thalurania ridgwayiTrochilidaeApodiformesMexican Woodnymph866
Hylocharis eliciaeTrochilidaeApodiformesBlue-throated Goldentail873
Hylocharis leucotisTrochilidaeApodiformesWhite-eared Hummingbird874
Hylocharis xantusiiTrochilidaeApodiformesXantus's Hummingbird875
Amazilia candidaTrochilidaeApodiformesWhite-bellied Emerald879
Amazilia cyanocephalaTrochilidaeApodiformesAzure-crowned Hummingbird884
Amazilia beryllinaTrochilidaeApodiformesBerylline Hummingbird885
Amazilia cyanuraTrochilidaeApodiformesBlue-tailed Hummingbird886
Amazilia yucatanensisTrochilidaeApodiformesBuff-bellied Hummingbird890
Amazilia rutilaTrochilidaeApodiformesCinnamon Hummingbird891
Amazilia violicepsTrochilidaeApodiformesViolet-crowned Hummingbird892
Amazilia viridifronsTrochilidaeApodiformesGreen-fronted Hummingbird893
Eupherusa eximiaTrochilidaeApodiformesStripe-tailed Hummingbird894
Eupherusa cyanophrysTrochilidaeApodiformesBlue-capped Hummingbird895
Eupherusa poliocercaTrochilidaeApodiformesWhite-tailed Hummingbird896
Lampornis viridipallensTrochilidaeApodiformesGreen-throated Mountain-gem903
Lampornis amethystinusTrochilidaeApodiformesAmethyst-throated Hummingbird905
Lampornis clemenciaeTrochilidaeApodiformesBlue-throated Hummingbird906
Lamprolaima rhamiTrochilidaeApodiformesGarnet-throated Hummingbird910
Eugenes fulgensTrochilidaeApodiformesMagnificent Hummingbird912
Heliothryx barrotiTrochilidaeApodiformesPurple-crowned Fairy914
Heliomaster longirostrisTrochilidaeApodiformesLong-billed Starthroat915
Heliomaster constantiiTrochilidaeApodiformesPlain-capped Starthroat916
Doricha enicuraTrochilidaeApodiformesSlender Sheartail920
Doricha elizaTrochilidaeApodiformesMexican Sheartail921
Tilmatura dupontiiTrochilidaeApodiformesSparkling-tailed Hummingbird922
Calothorax luciferTrochilidaeApodiformesLucifer Hummingbird923
Calothorax pulcherTrochilidaeApodiformesBeautiful Hummingbird924
Archilochus colubrisTrochilidaeApodiformesRuby-throated Hummingbird925
Archilochus alexandriTrochilidaeApodiformesBlack-chinned Hummingbird926
Calypte annaTrochilidaeApodiformesAnna's Hummingbird929
Calypte costaeTrochilidaeApodiformesCosta's Hummingbird930
Stellula calliopeTrochilidaeApodiformesCalliope Hummingbird931
Atthis heloisaTrochilidaeApodiformesBumblebee Hummingbird932
Atthis elliotiTrochilidaeApodiformesWine-throated Hummingbird933
Selasphorus platycercusTrochilidaeApodiformesBroad-tailed Hummingbird934
Selasphorus rufusTrochilidaeApodiformesRufous Hummingbird935
Selasphorus sasinTrochilidaeApodiformesAllen's Hummingbird936

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